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Elements of Islamic buildings

Page history last edited by Precious Nicanor 11 years, 4 months ago

Elements and Architectural Forms of Islamic style


During the Golden Age of Islam that is when the architectur was the best developed. The muslims had basically introduced the complex architectur.


Elements and Forms


The way that you may identify with the architectur is by the elements. Examples of these elements are the following:


  • Minarets or towers
  • They had a four- iwan plan, it included three subordinate halls and one principal one that faces toward Mecca
  • There was a mihrab or a prayer niche. The niche was on the inside in the direction of Mecca. The niches may have previously been used for setting the torah scrolls in synagogues for haikal churches
  •  Domes or Cupolas
  • The muslims would use geometric shapes and repetitive art
  • Muqarnas (unique Arabic/Islamic space enclosing system) were used for the decoration of domes and other other places                             
  • Decorative islamic calligraphy, they would use calligraphy instead of pictures because they were forbidden in mosque architecture
  • Central fountains, which were used to wash your body with
  • Bright colors were commenly used 



File:Selimiye Mosque, Dome.jpg File:TajCalligraphy3.jpg

File:Mosque of Cordoba Spain.jpg




The Muslims were were so advance because of their influences. The Muslims adapted the Egyptian, Byzantine, and Persian and Sassanid models.

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